When you hear carat, Karat and Carrots it can be confusion if you can’t tell when to use the appropriate word. One you can eat, the other is use for weigh and the last one for purity. Before we begin, do you know which one is which?
If you can tell the difference you’re probably a pawnbroker or work in the jewelry industry. If you don’t know, it’s okay the genie has your back.
Carat: (Abbreviation: c., ct.)
A carat is a unit of measurement used to determine the weight of a gemstone such as a diamond. It’s common to get it mixed up with karat. The word carat first attested in English in the mid-15th century, the word carat comes from Italian “carato”, which comes from Arabic qīrāṭ قيراط, in turn borrowed from Greek kerátion κεράτιον “carob seed” who used the term as a measure of weight equal to a Carob seed. It was thought that the Carob seed which was fairly abundant was uniform and consistent weight. It turns out that the carob seed isn’t much more uniform than most natural seeds.
Eventually in the early 20th century, the weight of the carat was set at 200 milligrams, or 0.2 grams.
For example a 2-carat diamond weighs 400 milligrams or 0.4 grams.
Karat: (Abbreviation K. or KT.)
The word karat is ultimately from the same source as carat but came to refer to the fineness of gold: one karat is equal to 1/24th part of pure gold in an alloy. The 1/24th proportion goes back to ancient Roman times during which a siliqua was equal to 1/24th of a golden solidus. Pure gold is too soft for jewelry there are other metals mixed with it to strengthen and change its color. For example a 14-karat gold ring consists of 14 parts gold and 10 parts of some other metal, like copper but pure gold is 24 karats.
Although carat and karat have distinct meanings in the jewelry world, but the words are frequently confused.
A carrot is a long, orange root vegetable. They are a popular vegetable to eat raw on their own, chopped and tossed in a salad. You can also cook carrots or grate them and make a carrot cake. It’s very popular to hear a mom say, it’s a powerful eye sight veggie. However, carrots have so much more benefits but that’s a different story.
Caret: is the name for the wedge-shaped mark (^) that is used by copy editors and proofreaders to indicate the place where text is to be inserted. It’s unrelated with the jewelry Industry.